Notes to Chapter 10
notes to chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

All the Web addresses included were checked when we went online, but some, inevitably, may have moved or changed.

  1. Robert Bickford, "Are YOU a Hacker?" in MicroTimes , January 1989, and also on the Web at The article was also reprinted in Tricks of the Internet Gurus, edited by Philip Baczewski (SAMS, 1994). <back to text>
  1. Takedown, by New York Times reporter John Markoff and security expert Tsutomu Shimomura (Hyperion 1996); Jonathan Littman, The Fugitive Game (Little, Brown, 1996); Jeff Goodell, The Cyberthief and the Samurai (Dell, 1996). Mitnick also occupied about a third of Katie Hafner and John Markoff ' s Cyberpunk (Simon and Schuster, 1991); Writing in 2600, Mitnick characterized the section about him as "20 percent fabricated and libelous." <back to text>
  1. Personal interview, July 1996. <back to text>
  1. At <back to text>
  1. John Perry Barlow, "Crime and Puzzlement," 1990, archived on the Web at <back to text>
  1. EEPROM stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory and is a programmable memory chip that allows you to update a device's internal workings without having to take it apart and physically replace the chip. <back to text>
  1. On the Web at The program runs only under UNIX and only tests UNIX networks. <back to text>
  1. Markoff and Shimomura, Takedown, 105-6. <back to text>
  1. A script is a small program that essentially automates a series of commands that would otherwise have to be typed manually. <back to text>
  1. Forging email addresses is ridiculously easy to do, but doing so doesn't mean the forger has access to your email box. <back to text>

  1. In 1996, Prince Philip became the third member of the Royal Family to get caught with his signals down in embarrassing circumstances. <back to text>
  1. The hacked versions of the pages are archived on the 2600 Web site, <back to text>
  1. More details on this hoax are in the "AOL' s 'Child Fun' UCE FAQ," posted at the time to and , among others. Retrievable through Deja News ( ). <back to text>
  1. A vailable on Usenet as comp.risks, or via email. To subscribe send email to with the word "subscribe" in the message body. Old issues are archived at
    <back to text>
  1. In a March 1993 interview for Personal Computer World , reprinted in Wendy Grossman, Remembering the Future (Springer Verlag, 1997). <back to text>
  1. At Access All Areas Conference, July 1996, London. <back to text>
  1. "Information Security: Computer Attacks at Department of Defense Pose Increasing Risks," dated May 22, 1996, and designated GAO/AIMD-96-84. The report can be accessed on the Web at <back to text>
  1. Paul A. Strassman and William Marlow, "Risk-Free Access into the Global Information Infrastructure via Anonymous Remailers," presented at the Symposium on the Global Information Infrastructure: Information Policy and International Infrastructure, January 28-30, 1996, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. <back to text>
  1. Interview for Wired UK, September 1996. <back to text>
  1. Ivars Peterson, Fatal Defect (Random House, 1995). <back to text>
  1. A write-up of how this works is at <back to text>


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