Notes to Chapter 9
notes to chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

All the Web addresses included were checked when we went online, but some, inevitably, may have moved or changed.

  1. Issue 3 of The Media Poll, by John Marcus, January 30, 1997. The Media Poll is available via email from and is on the Web at <back to text>
  1. Catharine MacKinnon, Only Words (Harvard University Press, 1993), 11-12. <back to text>
  1. The June 1995 dismissal was upheld by the Sixth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati on January 31, 1997. Details about the case are at <back to text>
  1. Jeff Goodell, "The Fevered Rise of America Online," Rolling Stone , October 3, 1996, 60-66. <back to text>
  1. "Porn again," Personal Computer World , March 1995. <back to text>
  1. A binary file is any type of non-text computer file, such as a picture, audio, video, or program file. <back to text>
  1. Shortly after HTML, the Web page formatting language, was modified to allow Web page designers to choose their own background colors, in an effort to boost their page hits some people embedded sexually explicit words in their pages by using the same color for text and backgrounds. The page would get picked up by keyword searches on any of the search engines, but wouldn't actually contain any sexual material when you got there. <back to text>
  1. Published in the Georgetown Law Journal 83 (June 1995): 1849-1934. <back to text>
  1. These were broken down as follows: 450,620 items downloaded 6.4 million times from sixty-eight adult BBSs; 75,000 items with an unspecified number of downloads from six adult BBSs, 391,790 items with no download information from seven adult BBSs. Rimm looked at many fewer pictures than this, saying he "randomly downloaded" 10,000 "actual images" from adult BBSs, Usenet, or CD-ROM and used these to verify the accuracy of the descriptive listings he had collected. <back to text>
  1. Time, July 24, 1995. The WELL discussion is summarized with extracts on HotWired at <back to text>
  1. Donna Hoffman and Thomas P. Novak, "A Detailed Analysis of the Conceptual, Logical, and Methodological Flaws in the Article 'Marketing Pornography on the Information Superhighway,'" July 1, 1995. (Although the cover date of the Time cyberporn issue was July 2, 1995, the magazine actually hit the stands on June 26.) Archived on the Web at <back to text>
  1. Archived at <back to text>
  1. Meeks moved on to become chief correspondent for HotWired in December 1995; in November 1996, he resigned and was almost immediately hired by the relatively new MSNBC. His Cyberwire Dispatch e-letter continues to appear irregularly and is available from <back to text>
  1. More information on HomeNet is at <back to text>
  1. GIF stands for Graphic Interchange Format, a popular format for picture files that was developed by CompuServe. The phrase "Beware of geeks bearing .GIFs" was coined by British hacker-turned-respectable journalist and security consultant Robert Schifreen. <back to text>
  1. Today newspaper, September 29, 1994. <back to text>
  1. McCullagh moved on to Time-Warner 's Netly News in the fall of 1996. <back to text>
  1. "Jacking in from the 'Keys to the Kingdom' Port," Cyberwire Dispatch , July 1996, archived on the Web at <back to text>
  1. According to McCullagh, the president of Solid Oak, the manufacturer of CyberSitter, threatened to sue Meeks and McCullagh for infringing his copyright by reverse-engineering his database. A high-school student who did some investigating (apparently on his own) and posted a list of blocked CyberSitter sites on his Web pages was also reportedly threatened. <back to text>
  1. On December 20, 1996, at Netly News is Time-Warner' s Web-based news service. <back to text>
  1. At <back to text>


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