Notes to Chapter 8
notes to chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

All the Web addresses included were checked when we went online, but some, inevitably, may have moved or changed.

  1. Personal interview, 1993, and an official CompuServe survey published November 1995. <back to text>
  1. Dee Brown, Wondrous Times on the Frontier (Arrow, 1994), 271-72. <back to text>
  1. Philip Robinson and Nancy Tamosaitis, The Joy of Cybersex (Brady, 1993). <back to text>
  1. Women's Wire is at and also runs a forum on CompuServe at GO WWFORUM. AmazonCity is at A search site specializing in women's topics is at <back to text>
  1. Deborah Tannen, You Just Don't Understand (William Morrow, 1990). <back to text>
  1. Susan Herring, "Gender Differences in Computer-Mediated Communication: Bringing Familiar Baggage to the New Frontier," keynote talk at panel entitled "Making the Net*Work*: Is There a Z39.50 in Gender Communication?" American Library Association Annual Convention, Miami, June 27, 1994. On the Web at <back to text>
  1. Susan Herring, "Gender and Democracy in Computer-Mediated Communication" (Communication Institute for Online Scholarship, 1993). <back to text>
  1. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler, Connections (MIT Press, 1991), 61.
    <back to text>
  1. Judy Anderson, "Not for the Faint of Heart: Contemplations on Usenet," in Wired Women , edited by Lynn Cherny and Elizabeth Reba Weise (Seal Press, 1996), 138. <back to text>
  1. Independent , December 12, 1996, 11.
    <back to text>
  1. 11. Newsweek , May 16, 1994. <back to text>
  1. Carol Tavris, The Mismeasure of Woman (Touchstone, 1992), 62. <back to text>
  1. Ibid., 290 (emphasis added). She goes on to cite Candace West and Don Zimmerman, "Doing Gender," ( Gender and Society , vol. 1, 1987, 125-51) as well as linguist Robin Lakoff and psychologists Linda Carli and Laurence D. Cohn. <back to text>
  1. T avris, Mismeasure of Woman, 299. <back to text>;
  1. Ellen Spertus, "Social and Technical Means for Fighting On-Line Harassment," presented at the Virtue and Virtuality: Gender, Law, and Cyberspace Conference, on April 20-21, 1996, at MIT, archived at <back to text>
  1. Time, July 19, 1993. <back to text>
  1. The original topics are preserved on the WELL as part of the system archives, where they can be read by any WELL member. The women concerned never named the WELL user in the public conference; instead they offered to email his name/user ID privately to anyone who requested it. The "cybercad" is long gone from the WELL; the women are still around. <back to text>
  1. Cherny and Weise, Wired Women , 146. <back to text>
  1. Ellen Balka, "The Accessibility of Computers to Organizations Serving Women in the Province of Newfoundland: Preliminary Study Results," Electronic Journal of Virtual Culture , vol. 2, no. 3. On the Web at <back to text>
  1. Personal archive. <back to text>
  1. Leslie Regan Shade, "Gender Issues in Computer Networking," presented at the Community Networking: the International Free-Net Conference, August 17-19, 1993, at Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario. Archived on the Web at <back to text>
  1. Amy Bruckman, "Finding One's Own in Cyberspace," January 1996, archived at <back to text>
  1. Quoted in Shade, "Gender Issues in Computer Networking." <back to text>
  1. Judy Heim, The Needlecrafter 's Computer Companion (No Starch Press, 1995), 218. <back to text>


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