Notes to Chapter 7
notes to chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

All the Web addresses included were checked when we went online, but some, inevitably, may have moved or changed.

  1. Paulsen's censorship speech is archived on the Web at It also appeared in Paulsen's book How to Wage a Successful Campaign for the Presidency (Nash Publishing, 1972).<back to text>
  1. Estimates taken from the text of the court decision on the CDA, dated June 11, 1996. On the Web at <back to text>
  1. See Barlow's January 1992 column for Communications of the ACM, archived on the Web at
    . Andrew Brown's comment appeared in a posting to the WELL 's eff conference in May 1995. <back to text>
  1. The CIEC home page is at <back to text>
  1. Archived on the Web at <back to text>
  1. In "The Great Renaming FAQ," archived at <back to text>
  1. Reposting dated February 8, 1995, to alt.culture.usenet, news.misc , and alt.folklore.computers, of original message posted April 29, 1993, and headed "That's all, folks" from Gene Spafford. <back to text>
  1. Notes regarding the campaign can be reached from along with the "ASG Anti-FAQ," one of the funnier reads on the Net. <back to text>
  1. Contemporaneous information posted on the WELL (media.1108/eff.730). <back to text>
  1. A list of the banned newsgroups, purportedly obtained from a CompuServe staffer, was circulated on the Net. A copy is archived on the Web at
    <back to text>
  1. French's letter, to a CIX user and dated September 8, 1996, is about "illegal material" on the Net, and says, in part, "Unfortunately, one or more individuals, presumably from within ISP's, decided to publish the list. In my view a very irresponsible act, and perhaps an indication of the unfortunate attitude that exists in some parts of the industry, who wish to wrongly label this as a censorship debate." The letter is archived on CIX as message number 186 in censorship/chatter. <back to text>
  1. Archived at gopher:// <back to text>
  1. More detailed and up-to-date information about international censorship of the Net is available from the "Plague of Freedom" home page, maintained by Declan McCullagh at <back to text>
  1. A Web site tracking British censorship issues is <back to text>
  1. In a September 1995 survey I did of blocking software for Britain's Personal Computer World magazine, I tested Net Nanny, Cyber Patrol, CyberSurfer, and WinWatch, and all were easily defeated. <back to text>
  1. Proposals archived on the Web at
    <back to text>
  1. Media blackouts during criminal trials are common in Canada and Britain; the point is not to censor the information permanently but to avoid undue influence on these countries' unsequestered juries. <back to text>
  1. In a foreword to the 1964 republication of the book that sparked the debates, The Tailor and Anstey, by Eric Cross (Chapman and Hall, 1964). <back to text>
  1. "Intellectual property," used loosely to include not only software and literary works of all types but also movies, music, and some types of art--anything that can be digitized into a computer file, however large. Figure quoted in Nicolas S. Gikkas, "International Licensing of Intellectual Property: The Promise and the Peril," Journal of Law and T echnology Policy, Spring 1996, and archived at <back to text>
  1. A. Michael Froomkin, "The Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage," presented January 29, 1996, at the Symposium on Information National Policies and International Infrastructure, held at Harvard Law School. Published in Borders in Cyberspace , edited by Brian Kahin and Charles Nesson (MIT Press, 1996). Archived on the Web at <back to text>
  1. See for updates. <back to text>
  1. Journalist Brock Meeks, writing for HotWired' s Muckraker Web site, estimated that the passage of the CDA and the subsequent court cases cost taxpayers roughly $2 million. The column is archived at On January 14, the ACLU filed suit against the State of New York over its CDA-like statute, signed into law by Governor George Pataki in September 1996. <back to text>


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