Economics and Youth Violence

Crime, Disadvantage, and Community

345 pages

28 b/w figures and 36 tables

August, 2013

ISBN: 9780814760598

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    Richard Rosenfeld is Curators Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri - St. Louis. He is past president of the American Society of Criminology and his current research focuses on the impact of the economy and policing on crime.

    All books by Richard Rosenfeld

    Mark Edberg, Ph.D, M.A., is Associate Professor at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, with secondary appointments in the Department of Anthropology and the Elliott School of International Affairs. His work on this volume was conducted under his concurrent role as Director of Qualitative Research for Development Services Group, Inc. (DSG). He has directed or co-directed numerous research and intervention efforts focusing on at-risk youth, in both domestic and global contexts.

    All books by Mark Edberg

    Xiangming Fang is Professor of Economics and Director of the International Center for Applied Economics and Policy in the College of Economics and Management at China Agricultural University. Prior to his current position he was a Senior Health Economist with the Division of Violence Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    All books by Xiangming Fang

    Curtis S. Florence is the lead health economist for the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Prior to joining NCIPC, Dr. Florence severed as a faculty member in Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University and the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine.

    All books by Curtis S. Florence

    How do economic conditions such as poverty, unemployment, inflation, and economic growth impact youth violence? Economics and Youth Violence provides a much-needed new perspective on this crucial issue. Pinpointing the economic factors that are most important, the editors and contributors in this volume explore how different kinds of economic issues impact children, adolescents, and their families, schools, and communities. Offering new and important insights regarding the relationship between macroeconomic conditions and youth violence across a variety of times and places, chapters cover such issues as the effect of inflation on youth violence; new quantitative analysis of the connection between race, economic opportunity, and violence; and the cyclical nature of criminal backgrounds and economic disadvantage among families. Highlighting the complexities in the relationship between economic conditions, juvenile offenses, and the community and situational contexts in which their connections are forged, Economics and Youth Violence prompts important questions that will guide future research on the causes and prevention of youth violence.
    Contributors: Sarah Beth Barnett, Eric P. Baumer, Philippe Bourgois, Shawn Bushway, Philip J. Cook, Robert D. Crutchfield, Linda L. Dahlberg, Mark Edberg, Jeffrey Fagan, Xiangming Fang, Curtis S. Florence, Ekaterina Gorislavsky, Nancy G. Guerra, Karen Heimer, Janet L. Lauritsen, Jennifer L. Matjasko, James A. Mercy, Matthew Phillips, Richard Rosenfeld, Tim Wadsworth, Valerie West, Kevin T. Wolff


    • "Economics and Youth Violence is a valuable work that will benefit both scholars and practitioners working in the field of family violence response and prevention. It would serve well as a graduate level text, but is accessibly written so that any educated reader will benefit from its fascinating tapestry of interwoven facts and phenomena. I recommend this book highly to researchers in violence studies."

      —Wendy C. Hamblet, Metapsychology

    • "Edberg, Fang, and Florence revolutionize the economics of youth and violence literature by bringing together expertly written contributions that focus on the relationship between macroeconomic factors (inflation, unemployment, poverty rate, income inequality) and the propensity of youth for violent crime....A timely, must-read volume..."

      —S. Chaudhuri, CHOICE

    • "The volume reveals both the greatest failure and the greatest insight about the role of economic factors on the etiology of antisocial behavior."

      Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books

    • "Expertly collects the relevant data and studies on economic effects on youth violence and analyzes them in such a way that allows for future research on the subject to benefit."

      Adolescent Research Review

    • “[U]nlike a large majority of developmental research in this area, the authors maintain a sense of realism with the reader admitting that some economic inequity is likely inevitable and, thus, some observed effects on adolescence are unavoidable.  In addition, the project never abandons a hopeful undertone.  With the existing data and outlined directions for further research, Rosenfeld and colleagues contend that youth engagement in violent behavior can be minimized when youth are properly engaged with their surroundings, therefore making youth not a mere symptom of their environment.”

      Journal of Youth Adolescence

    • "Ten papers explore how economic conditions such as poverty, unemployment, inflation, and economic growth affect public problems, including the level and types of youth violence in a community or society."

      Journal of Economic Literature

    • "This volume highlights the importance of addressing youth violence not only as a family or individual problem but one that is influenced in a number of ways by socioeconomic conditions within the neighborhood, community, and larger society. To reduce youth violence, policies must move beyond a focus on the individual or family and take into consideration the interaction between such factors as unemployment, family structure, and child/adolescent development on youth violence."

      —Finn Esbensen, E. Desmond Lee Professor of Youth Crime and Violence, University of Missouri--St. Louis

    • "This volume offers keen insights into the complex relationships between macroeconomic conditions and youth violence. The chapters, which are authored by leading experts drawn from multiple disciplines in the social sciences, provide thorough reviews of the existing literature and introduce provocative new research findings. The book is sure to be a highly valuable resource for scholars, policy analysts, and members of the general public who are interested in the causes and prevention of youth violence."

      —Steven F. Messner, Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, SUNY Albany

    • "Economics and Youth Violence is a brilliant volume that draws together many insights on how economic conditions affect violence by juveniles. Indispensable reading for criminologists, social scientists, and policy makers."

      —Rolf Loeber, Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Pittsburgh