Negrophobia and Reasonable Racism

The Hidden Costs of Being Black in America

216 pages

January, 2000

ISBN: 9780814706701



Also available in



Part of the Critical America series


Jody David Armour is Professor of Law at the School of Law, University of Southern California.

All books by Jody David Armour

Tackling the ugly secret of unconscious racism in American society, this book provides specific solutions to counter this entrenched phenomenon.


  • "[C]ommendable in important respects. [Armour] points out problems in the theory of rational racial discrimination that many of its proponents ignore or overlook."

    —Randall Kennedy, Los Angeles Times Book Review

  • "A patient meditation."

    The Nation

  • "A crucial book, at a critical time, just as white America is gradually coming to understand the hidden travails of African American life."


  • "Skillfully drawing on a wide range of referents from Greek mythology to Thomas Byes, the father of statistics, Armour plumbs our racial psychology and in the process explores the racialized nature of our daily life and our legal system."

    Norfolk Virginia Journal and Guide